Prof. Shahzad Shams worked as Head and Professor of Neurosurgery Department at Lahore General Hospital, LGH, Lahore, Pakistan and presently works as Chairman Department of Neurosurgery King Edward Medical University and Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Functional Neurosurgery consists of procedures in which external stimulus is given to an organ of the body to improve its function which can be  like External battery to give current to improve function of Brain, Spine, Urinary Bladder and Vagus Nerve or External continous infusion pump of Baclofen by a Baclofen Pump.

DBS or Deep Brain Stimulation is done to improve Movement Disorders like Parkinson’s disease, Dystonia and Tremors.

Spinal cord Stimuation SCS for spinal cord disorders.

Vagal Nerve Stimulation or VNS for control of Epilepsy.

Stimulation of bladder to control urinary bladder dysfunction like urge incontinence and bladder contraction disorders.

Sacral Nerve Stimulation SNS

Sacral nerve stimulation permits electrical stimulation of the sacral nerves via an implantable neurostimulator device. It is meant to treat following conditions: Refractory urgency, urge incontinence Voiding difficulty Pelvic pain Faecal incontinence Constipation Anal pain faecal incontinence Interstitial cystitis Spinal injury Neurodegenerative disease Sexual dysfunction Stimulation of the sacral nerve causes contraction of external sphincter…